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What Paswan’s exit means for politics

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What Paswan’s exit means for politics

The loss of life of Ram Vilas Paswan and the decision of the Lok Janashakti party (LJP) to contest the Bihar elections one at a time — whilst being part of the national Democratic Alliance (NDA) on the Centre — will have implications for each democratic politics in Bihar and Dalit politics in north India.

First up, why did Paswan depend? His party is a minor best friend of the Bharatiya Janata birthday celebration (BJP), which gained six seats inside the ultimate Lok Sabha elections — in most cases due to its affiliation with Narendra Modi. Paswan himself by no means transcended into a pan-Bihar, or maybe a pan-Dalit chief. He may also have had the capacity to independently win elections, however his birthday party — on its very own — become hardly ever in a position to turn into the swing force it so aspired to turn out to be.

Yet, Paswan was an important addition in any alliance. Do don’t forget that once the Atal Bihari Vajpayee authorities changed into combating the 2004 elections on an “India Shining” platform, and most observers had anticipated the victory of the incumbent, Sonia Gandhi walked from her house — 10 Janpath — to her vintage neighbour’s residence — Paswan lived on 12, Janpath — to construct an competition alliance. The rest is history, with the United revolutionary Alliance entering being after the elections, displacing the BJP. Paswan occupied a key spot inside the new Manmohan Singh cupboard. And it was when Paswan determined to again the BJP beneath Modi within the run-up to the 2014 elections that political circles realised that Modi’s victory become probable imminent. Modi’s extremely private and warm tweets after his loss of life, recognising Paswan’s price as a colleague, changed into testomony to his significance in the NDA government.

He mattered — and his allies and adversaries acknowledged this — due to reasons. Paswan symbolically represented the addition of the senior maximum Dalit mainstream political determine in lively politics (he first entered the Bihar meeting in 1969), to any political coalition — and this become important to ship a message of inclusion, huge base one’s platform, and signal to Dalits that they would occupy an crucial region. 2nd, more significantly, Paswan had a loyal base in his home nation of Bihar.

Paswan’s very last desire turned into cementing the location of his son, Chirag, in Bihar and countrywide politics. The LJP recognized that it’d not be able to play a full-size role in Bihar politics if the Janata Dal (United) and the BJP gained with ease. It needed to enhance its bargaining power — and the calculation turned into that this can come from contesting one at a time, prevailing a dozen-plus seats, and in a hung meeting, returning to the NDA, however in a position to extract a share of strength. The fact that there may be a robust school of idea in the BJP which has started seeing Nitish Kumar as a legal responsibility, and wants to have its personal leader minister in Bihar, has simplest endorsed the LJP to take this gamble.

However how this will play out relies upon on a fixed of questions. Will Paswan’s death deprive the LJP of its celebrity campaigner and erode its capability to win, or will it generate a sympathy aspect and, in fact, make bigger its base? Will the BJP’s loyal votes shift to the LJP candidate wherein the LJP is in direct competition with the JD(U) and enable their victory, or will the BJP’s base keep on with the the JD(U), that is their formal best friend, or will the break up inside the NDA votes among the JD(U) and the LJP truely help the Mahagatbandhan applicants of either the Rashtriya Janata Dal or the Congress or, in choose seats, the Left forces win? Will the LJP, given its constrained base, in reality make a distinction at all to the general final results?

While in the immediately context, the answers to those questions will decide Chirag Paswan’s political value, inside the longer-term, the LJP is gambling hardball because it sees a likely vacuum in a post Nitish Kumar political panorama. The BJP is dominant however does no longer have a sturdy neighborhood chief; the Rashtriya Janata Dal seems to be a pale shadow of itself; and the Congress stays marginal. The formidable Chirag Paswan wants to come to be develop past his father’s carefully-cultivated Dalit base and is positioning himself as a pan-Bihar leader based on sub-nationalism. There may be a hitch although. His electricity at the floor does no longer fit this ambition. And whether he could be able to positioned within the work and expand his base and introduce a brand new political schedule over the following decade, or like many other dynasts, bank on best his father’s legacy will be key to Chirag Paswan and the LJP’s destiny. Paswan’s demise and the LJP’s gambit also want to be visible inside the context of a churn in Dalit politics in wellknown.

No matter a robust Ambedkarite critique of the BJP’s approach to Dalits, the truth is that in north India particularly, massive segments of Dalit sub-castes have thrown in their lot with the BJP. The Congress still has a Dalit base, but this is nowhere close to the guide that it enjoyed within the beyond. Mainstream Dalit politics itself has weakened. Mayawati has now lost 4 elections in a row in Uttar Pradesh — the 2012 assembly elections, the 2014 Lok Sabha polls, the 2017 meeting polls and the 2019 Lok Sabha polls. This has took place at a time whilst, genuinely, there’s growing Dalit cognizance, expansion of the Dalit middle class, the emergence of younger Dalits who will now not take delivery of older hierarchies, and where needs of illustration, justice, equity and progress have sharpened.

It is this vacuum that a number of Dalit leaders are hoping to fill over the following decade, from a Jignesh Mevani in Gujarat to a Chandrashekhar Azad in Uttar Pradesh to a Chirag Paswan in Bihar to the greater senior Prakash Ambedkar in Maharashtra. But who will in the end fill this area is an open question and subject to a number variables, which include the bigger trajectory of national politics, the interplay among the Hindutva challenge and Dalits, whether the vastly heterogeneous Dalit vote keeps to fragment or consolidates in the back of choose entities, and state-unique social dynamics.

Paswan may additionally have handiest been one actor in the crowded Indian political landscape. However his departure is truely a mirrored image of ways the vintage is broken and the brand new is but to take root, both in Bihar and in the extensive domain of Dalit politics.

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Delhi high court refuses to stay Covaxin clinical trial on children aged 2-18, issues notice to DCGI

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Delhi high court refuses to stay Covaxin clinical trial on children aged 2-18, issues notice to DCGI

The Delhi high court on Wednesday refused to grant an interim stay on the clinical trial of Covaxin in children in the age group of 2 to 18 years. The court, however, issued notices to the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) and others on a plea challenging the DCGI’s nod to Bharat Biotech for conducting clinical trials of Covaxin in children.

A bench of Chief Justice DN Patel and Justice Jyoti Singh issued notice on a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by Sanjeev Kumar seeking direction to quash the order passed on May 13, giving permission to Bharat Biotech for conducting clinical trials in children aged 2-18

The DCGI on May 13 gave permission for the vaccine, developed by Bharat Biotech and the Indian Council Of Medical Research, to be used in Phase 2 and Phase 3 trials in people below the age of 18 — the first such trials that will begin in India.

A bench of Chief Justice DN Patel and Justice Jyoti Singh issued notice on a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by Sanjeev Kumar seeking direction to quash the order passed on May 13, giving permission to Bharat Biotech for conducting clinical trials in children aged 2-18. The ministry of women and child development has also been made a party to the proceedings.

In his plea, the petitioner in person Kumar stated that the order for trial rests on the implication that children are signing up as ‘volunteers’, but the term itself means “a person who freely offers to do something”, which children who cannot read or understand a contract are incapable of doing, thus prima facie unlawful, arbitrary and against the settled principles of law and natural justice.

“A person can offer to do anything only if he/she is capable of understanding the consequences of his/her act. In the present case, the subject matter of clinical trials being minors (even toddlers who – for the reason of their age only – are not capable of even speaking and understanding languages in a proper manner) cannot be supposed to volunteer for the aforesaid clinical testing,” the petition states.

The petitioner states that since the children who will be a part of the trial will be healthy their parents cannot give consent for the trials to be conducted since that would endanger the life of minors.

The plea also drives a separation between parents consenting to life-saving surgeries or other medical procedures on their children’s behalf since that is in the “purpose of saving the life” of minors.

Kumar seeks invocation of Section 81 of Juvenile Justice Act, 2015, for penalizing parents who volunteer their children in hopes of monetary compensation.

The petitioner also sought directions from the respondents to produce details of all the 525 children who will be enrolled in the trial.

The matter would be heard on July 15.

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I am not a stakeholder in politics, Governor Dhankhar tells Mamata Banerjee

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I am not a stakeholder in politics, Governor Dhankhar tells Mamata Banerjee

Governor Jagdeep Dhankhar wrote a letter to Mamata Banerjee after she criticised him without taking call for the duration of a virtual interaction with prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday.

West Bengal governor Jagdeep Dhankhar on Tuesday wrote a letter to chief minister Mamata Banerjee pronouncing he turned into “stunned and greatly surprised” by using her statement on Monday that “there are a few who do non-cooperation in spite of keeping constitutional and keep harassing the kingdom. It ought to not happen.”

Banerjee made the statement, without naming Dhankhar or the workplace he holds, while attending a virtual programme in which prime Minister Narendra Modi released high throughput Covid-19 checking out facilities on the Indian Council for clinical studies’s (ICMR) national institutes in Mumbai, Kolkata and Noida in Uttar Pradesh.

“I take robust exception to such uncharitable, unfounded and unmerited stance. These are unbecoming of the location you hold,” Dhankhar wrote inside the two-web page letter which became released to the media.

“i am now not a stakeholder in politics but have undoubted stakes in governance in the country in view of my constitutional duty….,” wrote Dhankhar who has been accused by way of the ruling Trinamool Congress (TMC) on numerous occasions of performing like a spokesperson of the Bharatiya Janata birthday party, the principle adversary of Banerjee in the coming 2021 meeting polls.

The acrimonious dating between Raj Bhawan and the authorities has been making headlines on the grounds that September closing year with the TMC accusing Dhankhar of overstepping his limits and interfering in daily affairs of the government.

Giving a protracted account of what he has done as governor, Dhankhar wrote, “Non responsive stance at your end is not in consonance with the charter. I am required to be aware of the situation and affairs of the state.”

Accusing the state police of “putting a finger in every pie,” Dhankhar wrote that “failed governance at floor stage can not be covered up by means of cosy role within the media.”

Bengal’s minister of nation for parliamentary affairs Tapas Roy took a swipe on the governor by means of announcing if Dhankhar had no stake in politics then he would now not have reacted to the chief minister’s assertion that did no longer even point out him.

“It turned into a virtual meeting among the leader minister and the prime minister and Dhankhar had no role there. He need to instead play a sympathetic position to help human beings tormented by the Covid-19 pandemic,” stated Roy.

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Selection of Haryana physical training instructors: Probes, controversies and politics

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Selection of Haryana physical training instructors: Probes, controversies and politics

Over nine,two hundred applicants on Sunday will get a sparkling danger to be employed as bodily education instructors (PTIs) in Haryana, thanks to a very best courtroom ruling.

The controversial choices of 1,983 PTIs by way of the Haryana group of workers selection commission (HSSC) in 2010 in the course of the Congress rule have been set apart by way of the apex court on April eight, paving the way for a sparkling recruitment process. The first step is the written exam on Sunday.

In line with the apex courtroom, selections will now be made from among the candidates making use of for posts of PTI in 2006, together with people who have been employed.

Stringent measures are in region for behavior of assessments with chief secretary Keshni Anand Arora currently speakme to the deputy commissioners and superintendents of police of Kurukshetra, Karnal, Panipat, Kaithal and Hisar to make certain the whole thing is going easily.

Playing politics

The 2010 selections, the technique for which commenced in 2006, remained embroiled in protracted litigation for a decade. Politics got here into play once the apex court upheld the choice of the Punjab and Haryana high courtroom to set apart the choices of one,983 PTIs due to discrepancies within the hiring process.

Politicians of various colorations got here out in support of the ousted PTIs, preserving khap panchayat conferences flouting social distancing norms and worrying enactment of a regulation to defend their jobs.

Former chief minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda lately stated that the Congress legislature party will deliver a non-public member’s bill throughout the coming meeting session to facilitate the reinstatement of PTIs. Hooda said courts had set apart the picks simplest on technical grounds.

Independent MLAs like Balraj Kundu and Sombir Sangwan, both from the BJP stable, too have espoused the reason of the disregarded instructors.

The apex courtroom had quoted a ruling of a constitution bench to reply the plea that it isn’t always equitable to throw out the PTIs once they have been hired for over 9 years. “it’s far very unfortunate that those men and women ought to be uprooted when they have been appointed, however if equality and same safety before the regulation have any that means and if our public institutions are to encourage that self belief which is predicted of them, we’d be failing in our obligation if we did now not, even on the price of giant inconvenience to government and the chosen candidates, do the proper element,’’ the SC said.

Crook case in opposition to former HSSC members

The nation government alternatively has were given a criminal case registered against former HSSC chairperson and individuals via the vigilance bureau in July for allegedly misusing their positions and tinkering with the choice standards to assist positive applicants get decided on as PTIs.

The sections invoked inside the FIR pertained to punishment for false evidence in a judicial proceeding, public servant disobeying law, forgery of court document or public check in, forgery for the motive of dishonest and crook misconduct by a public servant.

“The energy to devise mode of choice and attach the standards for selection become entrusted on the fee to in addition the object of selection on advantage to top off posts in consonance with Articles 14 and sixteen of the constitution. While the alteration of standards has been made, which has glaringly affected the merit selection as we’ve found above, the allegations that have been made in the writ petition against the commission in conducting the selection are allegations of malice-in-law and not malice-in-reality,’’ the apex court stated.

Directives of the courts

A single bench of the Punjab and Haryana excessive court docket had on Sept. 11, 2012 set apart the 2010 alternatives due to changes made in the choice technique. An HC division bench had upheld the decision of the unmarried bench. The best court docket on April eight upheld the HC decision. It termed as “arbitrary” the commission’s selection of June 30, 2008, to cancel the written exam, the July eleven, 2008 decision to name applicants 8 times the number of vacancies on minimum percentage of marks for interviews and the decision of July 31, 2008 to name all the eligible applicants for interviews. Those selections have been taken without any reason to exchange the choice criterion posted in 2006, which “downgraded” the benefit inside the selection.

The SC also stated that for the reason that fee become a multi-member body, all decisions relating mode of choice and standards were to be taken by means of the fee itself, there being no regulations or decision delegating the said strength to Chairman or another member. “ The decision of not preserving written exam, to display on the idea of eight instances of vacancies and percentage of marks and to name all eligible candidates, were taken by means of the Chairman himself, and can’t be stated to be decisions of the fee,’’ the SC said.

Quoting the HC findings on pattern of marks allocated to some decided on and non-decided on candidates, the apex court docket said the HC had located that it cannot be a trifling co-incidence that 90% of the meritorious candidates in teachers executed so poorly in viva-voce that they could not relaxed even 10 marks out 30 or that the brilliance were given configurated most effective in the common candidates owning naked eligibility.

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