Steps of making a song from melody and arrangement to mixing and mastering
Ali Kavousi, an experienced Iranian artist and musician, explains the process of making a piece of music. Each non-verbal or verbal song that you listen to, after passing a few steps in the form of a final file will reach you. This file can be in various video and audio formats with low, medium or […]
Ali Kavousi, an experienced Iranian artist and musician, explains the process of making a piece of music.
Each non-verbal or verbal song that you listen to, after passing a few steps in the form of a final file will reach you. This file can be in various video and audio formats with low, medium or high quality. Mixing and mastering the song is the last step in the composition process.
In this article, we are going to first give an overview of the stages of making a song in the early stages. Then let’s answer the recurring question of what mixing and mastering are and how they differ.
You do not need a complicated instrument or instrument to make a melody, in most cases the melody is made by whispering and the tuner is explained how the main pitch of this piece is created. So the only tool you need to create a melody is that with whatever tool is available, you can convey your meaning of how the piece is performed to the tuner.
Now it is the turn of the song arranger who, based on the science of music and his precise and high knowledge with different musical instruments, puts the notes of each instrument together and puts the notes in a melody by combining them. This process is the most complex part of making a song.
Arranging the song requires a high level of knowledge in the field of music and familiarity with different instruments so that the composer who is arranging the music can firstly choose the best instruments for the music and secondly arrange the instruments that are played in the piece in the most beautiful way possible.
What is mixing and mastering?
After composing the melody and arranging the sheet music, a piece of music will be formed. Now it is the turn of the musicians so that each of them can start performing the piece with the instrument they are responsible for playing. In live music, we see that the instruments are constantly jumping; Sometimes they are quiet and no sound can be heard from an instrument, sometimes they start playing. In fact, this part of the music is specified by the arranger, which is implemented based on the melody of the song, in which time and with what intensity and state each instrument is to be played.
But in a piece of music that is not about live performance, something different happens. Until many years ago, the process was such that each musician would play the piece he was tasked with performing as a soloist in the studio, and then by recording the performance of each instrument, the mixing work would begin on the song to replace each instrument. Its output is in formats like midi. But today, in recent years, when music is moving to electronic form, there is no need to even record the song by the instrument. Just install one of dozens of songwriting programs on your computer.
With the help of a program, you can play the parts of each instrument that have already been recorded in the best studios in the world and with the highest possible quality, and in the same place, you can place the performance of each instrument in your time interval and mix the songs for the stage. Final mastering.
Song mastering can not be considered as the final stage of song making. In fact, this is the post-production stage when the music is finished, with the difference that the work done in this stage involves preparing and transferring the recorded sound from the original source to the storage space, where the song is reproduced or copied from It starts there.
You may be wondering why we need a mastering stage despite the electronic making of the song? In answer to this question, it can be said that mastering may not be done in appearance, but in fact, when you use a piece of music in different formats to reproduce and play a song, you are doing the same mastering. Even today, some of the greatest composers do master work in analogy.
What is the difference between song mixing and song mastering?
The musical notes created by the arranger will be put together in the mixing process. In fact, in answer to the question, what is a song mix? It can be said that the combination of sounds that are recorded or the notes of each instrument in the composition of the song is done in the mixing process. Mixing songs includes the following.
Separate the sound of each instrument from each other
Adjust the intensity of each note (volume)
And many such things that affect the change of sound of the individual notes of a song.
The remarkable thing
In fact, in the process of mixing a song, each element of a piece of music is put in place to be in the final stage in the form of a digital audio file or magnetic tape (analog) and performed to listen to it. After the mixing work is completed with the help of the song mixing software, the mastering work begins, which includes preparing and integrating the song to maximize the quality of the song in different formats and playback with different devices.
The task of mastering the song is to maximize the quality of the work so that no difference is felt when the piece of music is used in different places for playback. As you have experienced, when you are listening to music in the car, in the room, or using the handsfree, you will notice differences that indicate poor mastering of the format.